General Concepts about Object-Oriented Programming

The programming style that we usually call object-oriented programming (OOP) has appeared relatively recently in the history of programming languages. This is a particular and very convenient style for many situations. It was designed to overcome the limits of structured programming based mainly on the widespread use of procedures, functions, pointers or other more or less developed data types.

Although structured programming is very practical for small software systems or reduced non-graphic applications, it should be avoided when dealing with large applications that use graphic elements where object-oriented programming is recommended. Object orientation means organizing software resources as a collection of distinct and discrete objects, which includes both data structures and their processing functions. This organization is an extension of structured programming in which the data structures and processing functions are only loosely connected. All items have their own identity and are perfectly distinct.

An object is defined as an abstract concept, a specific and useful element for any application. Objects serve two specific purposes:

– they provide a better understanding of the problem to be solved;

– they provide a base design for implementation.

A class of objects encapsulates a certain number of objects with similar properties. This similarity refers to both the description (data and attributes) and the behavior (functions or methods). Attributes are unique features within an object class. Each attribute receives a certain value which can be modified during the objects life cycle. Two or more objects can have the same or different values for the same attribute.

Methods or operations are processing functions applied to objects of a certain class. All objects within a class admit the same set of methods, methods which in return may receive any number of additional parameters. In order to apply various methods to an object, it has to be created (defined). Defining an object is called instantiation. Once an object has fulfilled its mission it is removed.

Abstraction is a fundamental human trait that allows us to build models and thus cope with complexity. In every field of human activity, project approach is based on building a model for a better understanding of the problem to solve. Software engineering makes no exception. Through abstraction the essential key aspects are isolated from the non-essential ones. Therefore, each problem might have several adequate models.

In the software engineering industry, structured programming has made a big step forward defining three perspectives needed in order to properly address any application. These perspectives, also known as models, are: the static model, the dynamic model and the functional model.

There are currently several object-oriented methodologies used for analysis, design and implementation of software resources. One of these modeling methodology is the OMT (Object Modeling Technique) methodology. This method of modeling involves the planning of the various development stages and a graphical representation of objects and their relationships.


True Mobile Business Application Developers at Mobile Programming,LLC

As we are marching ahead with each passing day, we are encountering new technological gadgets. Today, mobiles have become so sophisticated that a true tech-savvy person cant do without them.Undoubtedly, the mobile developers are putting in a lot of effort to make the mobile business applications more and more advanced.There must be well over 300,000 mobile applications available when you consider the different mobile platforms. There are so many great iPhone applications. There are so many good Android, BlackBerry and Phone 7 applications as well.

Need of Mobile Business Applications in 2011

Mobile Programming,LLC believe that a major focus in mobile in 2011 will be to better help users find the mobile business applications that are best suited to them. Sure, because due to increase in business ultimately the use of mobile business applications will increase as with the help of these handheld devices they can easily be in touch with their clients,customers and so on. GPS Tracking :- GPS Tracking can be used as a business application because with the help of this app we can easily keep an eye on our employee that he is performing his duty well or not. Mobile apps developers at Mobile Programming,LLC deals in this application they can help you out in developing this application for any kind of mobile platform. The Miller Lite Taxi Finder:-The Miller Lite Taxi Finder by 1-800- TAXICAB uses your GPS coordinates to locate your position on a map, then shows you the nearest taxi company on the 1-800-TAXICAB taxi hotline.You can also change locations by choosing a city and state.This iPhone application can be used in business as when we have no vehicle we can immediately use this app to reach on time.

Chase Bank

The latest iPhone app lets you bank from anywhere you can access the Web. Pay bills and credit cards, transfer money between Chase accounts, see account balances and transaction history, and send wire transfers. Plus, find nearby Chase branches, ATMs and our contact information. The cool part of this update is that now you can use the Apple iPhone camera to deposit checks.In this way a lot of business payment can be done by using this application.

Mobile Business Application Developers at Mobile Programming,LLC :- With changing trends, the mobile application development too is taking on a novel path to meet the need of the users and at Mobile Programming, LLC, we keep in mind these demands and accordingly move ahead. The past year proved to be fruitful to us as we provided services in the ares of:-

1.Custom Programming Services for – iPhone, Android, BlackBerry, Windows Mobile etc…

2.Windows Mobile 5.5, 6.0, 6.1, 6.5 Developments . 3.Mobile Website Development .. 4.J2EE, JAVA, J2ME based Mobile business Application Development . 5. We can import any kind of business app of one platform on the other. For more details contact Mobile Programming,LLC mobile business apps developers.


Drupal And Object Oriented Programming.

As all the OOP languages use CLASS or similar data structures for Object Oriented Programming, we have considered that without a “CLASS”, OOP is not possible.

Object oriented programming (OOP) is quickly taking place over the traditional procedure oriented programming (POP). Programming languages like C# and Java are successful because of OOPs Power.

After gone through the code of “Drupal” – One of the most popular open sources content management system and framework built with PHP language, summary is – Drupal doesnt use a single Class in its code base. Whole Drupal code base is based on just functions. As PHP, with which programming language Drupal itself is built, is also implementing many powerful OPP features, but Drupal is not using these features.

Actually, the OOP concept is not based on uses of data structures like CLASS. It is based on the fundamentals of features like Objects, Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, Inheritance etc. If these fundamental features are included in programming then it can be considered in OOP.
There is no keyword ‘class’ in Drupal code. Drupal is as non-OOP as many programmers do. But that is not true. Drupal doesnt contain any class like data structure; still it is still Object Oriented.

Drupal covers all these features without classes. Power of Drupal is hardly depends on this programming structure only. The way, how the hook system has been implemented in Drupal would never been possible with the use of Classes.

See more details about how Drupal implements Object Oriented Programming (OOP) without using Classes, visit:

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What Is The History Of Java Programming Language

C language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie had taken a decade to become the most popular language amongst programmers. But, with time programmers found that programming in C became tedious cause of its structural syntax. and Before it emerged as a programming language, C++ was a dominant player in the trade.primary goals that the creators of this language was to create a language that could tackle most of the things that C++ offered while getting rid of some of the more tedious tasks that came with the earlier languages.

In 1990 James Gosling,Bill Joy and others at Sun Microsystems began developing a language called Oak. Gosling called the language Oak in honor of a tree that could be seen from his office window. Sun found that Oak could not be trademarked because of a product already using the name. After sessions in January 1995, The meeting, arranged by Kim Polese where about a dozen people got together with James Gosling,and the final suggest names were Silk, DNA, Ruby, WRL and Java by the team in meeting But the other names could not be trademarked. So finally, name java was first suggested by Chris Warth. because it sounded the coolest and decided to go ahead with it.

This group wanted household items devices like thoughtful toasters, sagacious Salad Shooters and lucid lamps. To communicate with each other. To serve these goals, Oak needed to be Platform independent,Compact and Extremely reliable. so,The first public implementation was Java 1.0 in 1995. It made the promise of “Write Once, Run Anywhere”, with free run times on popular platforms. It was fairly secure and its security was configurable, allowing for network and file access to be limited.

By 1994 Sun’s Hot Java browser appeared. It was Written in Java in only a few months,and it illustrated the power of applets, programs that run within a browser, and also the capabilities of it for speeding program development. this language quickly received widespread recognition and expectations grew for it to become the dominant software for consumer applications and browser.

but,the early versions of it did not possess the breadth and depth of capabilities needed for client applications. Applets became popular and remain common but don’t dominate interactive or multimedia displays on web pages. It’s capabilities grew with the release of new and expanded versions and it became a very
popular language for development of enterprise, or middle ware, applications like on line web stores, transactions processing, database interfaces.

Today,It has become quite common on small platforms such as cell phones and PDAs.It not only permeates the Internet, It is the invisible force behind many of the applications and devices that power our day-to-day lives. From mobile phones to handheld devices, games and navigation systems to e-business solutions, Java is everywhere.


DISH Network Brings Arabic Language Programming for the US Viewers

If you are in search for Arabic entertainment through Satellite TV, then DISH Network is the best choice for you. Arabic language speaking viewers who are living in the United States for them DISH Network offers wide and diverse array of programming. From music, cartoons, news, movies, to documentaries, sport and all the Arab-American events are there in the list for you. There are various packages and an extensive number of channels such as ESC-1, Future TVNew TV, Nile Drama, ART Music Radio as well as Radio Al Zikra, , Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera ART Global, ART Movies, Dubai Satellite Channel, Kuwait TV, LBC, MBC, NBN, etc. to meet the need and taste of the viewers. With DISH Network Arabic programming packages, the viewers can also watch religious channels like Iqraa which is telecasted directly from Egypt.

Lets have a look at the DISH Network packages that are offered in Arabic Language. First we will discuss about the Arabic Elite Super Pack. Available with a price tag of just $49.99 per month the Arabic Elite Super Pack is a comprehensive Arabic-language programming package for the Arabic speaking viewers in the US. Wide selection of programs is available in this pack. These include sports, 24-hour news as well as Arabic Soccer Leagues and talk shows as well as newly released and classical movies, mini-series, and dramas, etc. Al Jazeera Sport, Dubai Satellite Channel, Abu Dhabi, Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, And Hekayat, Al Zikr, Art America, and Dubai Sports, etc. are some of the notable channels in this pack.

On the other hand, Arabic Elite Pack is available for just $34.99 per month. The viewers can also make a payment of $384.99 for a full year. Programs that you get to watch in this pack are perfectly designed to meet the expectation and need of your entire family. Programs include sports, news, mini-series, dramas as well as newly released and classical movies. With this pack, sports buffs can also watch the Egyptian Soccer League live and the talk shows as well.

If your budget is around $30, then Arabic Enhanced Pack is the right for you. By spending just $29.99 per month, you can watch nine top-quality channels. Programming choices include cartoons, dramas, movies, mini-series, 24-hour news, sports, and many more. Al Arabiya, Al Jazeera, Al Zikr, Art America, Art Movies, Art Music, Esc-1, Mbc, Murr TV, etc. are some of the notable channels in this DISH Network package.

For the music lovers, Arabic Music Pack is available at just $29.99 per month. Enjoy the best of Arabic music on three 100% digital quality music channels. These are Art Tarab, Dandana TV, and Mazzika. There are other packages like Arabic – Iqraa and Noursat.


Why Are Servers So Important

For those businesses that operate in the online environment serves are like water for plants. It is impossible to have an e-commerce site, to be an important online publisher or to have an international business without having HP Servers. These devices represent the best option for anyone interested in further developing their business and also making sure that their employees dont waste precious time with redundant tasks. Investing in top of the line servers is something that all companies, big or small should think about.

With the help of HP Servers all the tasks will become less stressing and the employees will be able to focus on the real important aspects of their jobs. For example, the employees will no longer have to back-up their work constantly as the sever will take care of this aspect. Also, all the information that up until this moment was hard to gather and to go through will be stored from this moment on the server. This way everyone in the company will be able to access it whenever it is necessary. And even those that work outside the office will have the opportunity to access real time information, always up to date.

Finding the right server on the other hand can be a bit more difficult this is why it is best to have the advice of a professional that can help you. With the guidance of an expert you will be able to choose the right HP Servers available for you. There are many options on the market this is why you have to make sure that you have some professional advice.

The help of the expert will also come in handy as you will have to make sure that the HP Servers are compatible with the rest of the office equipment that you have. Also, he will guide you in what software you should invest in and what exactly you need to install everything.

Your employees will require the basic training in order to learn how to use the new additions in your office. However, from now on you no longer have to worry about loss of data, viruses or even spam messages. Hiring someone to upgrade and maintain the server is something that you also need to focus on. With the help of an IT expert though, all your problems will be solved. So what are you waiting for, start looking for the best sever for your company!


Php, As A Programming Language, Has Ample Scope For Future

PHP development has seen some drastic advancement over the last few years. Many new tools that can make projects more enjoyable and productive have now made way to this scene. The language is a very flexible option that supports a number of programming techniques makes it a top choice among developers today. PHP web development is a practice that has now grown popular among developers all over and similar is in India. Today finding a PHP development company India that can help in offering you the website you want with functionality, features and usability just like you anticipate, has turned much easier. All thanks to the growing community of PHP developers and the advancing ecosystem of professionals using and promoting the same.

Two new tools being used by developers

Many new tools and features keep getting added in the PHP screen, but two that have been found to create a buzz recently are the Composer and Silex. Composer referred as a brilliant dependency manager for this programming language helps in listing the dependencies of any project in fewer commands that are simpler. Also, this tool helps in automatically downloading and autoloading the dependencies of any project, making the work much easier. Silex, on the other hand, is a lightweight, small framework that helps in offering an easy path to upgrade and make changes and grow much easily over time. The other more popular tools used by developers which can make working on projects more pleasurable are Vagrant and Packagist.

PHP community is fast growing
The PHP web development India community is fast growing by accommodating new and more experienced developers every now and then. This community is diverse and large, where every member is ready to help and support new programmers get answer to their queries and doubts. Many new local groups as well as national and global groups have been initiated that keep organizing PHP conferences to make members aware about whatever new is taking place on this front. Being a member of this group can help you reap many benefits. Meeting new developers, learning about new topics and happenings, making new friends are among the top things you can do.

The future prospects
PHP as a programming language has ample scope and developers can use the same to create amazing websites and portals with functionalities and features like never before. The landscape is very vast and still needs to be explored, as the greater part at a halt remains unexplored. So, if you to wish to get a website developed that fits ideally in the time frame of today, find a reputed PHP development company India and professionals here will help you accomplish this easily.


Introduction To 70-483, Microsoft Programming In C#

Microsoft being one of the most well-known organizations when it comes to software development and database development gives you the opportunity to add their name and standard to your resume through the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program. The 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program offers the candidates to become an expert in the field of Database Development.

The 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program is one of the most advanced certification programs in the field of Information Technology, and it not only gives the individuals a complete knowledge of C#, it also tends to make them an expert in Microsoft Programming. For all those individuals directly or indirectly related to the Information Technology, the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program is a landmark and all those candidates who are already working as a Microsoft Programmer, the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program will only make things much more easier and all their problems will begin to solve within no time.

Pre-requisites for 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C#:

For the candidates applying for the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program, there is no hard and fast rule to have some prior experience in the specific field. All the candidates need will be to have some knowledge of working with different softwares and a little bit they should know about database management, which will only make it easier for them to pass the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program. Once you get to know about the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program, you will know automatically how a little prior knowledge of databases and database management in different forms can come in handy. Having a little bit of on hand experience relevant to Programming in C# can also be of very high importance while passing the test, still none of these things is essential, you can pass the test without them as well.

How to pass the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification?

First things first, that would be to take a good look at the 70-483, Microsoft Programming in C# certification program course outline that is easily available at any institution where this course is being offered. There are many online websites that are offering this course as well and you can easily find the relevant material online to easily pass the test.


Great Plains Customization Simple Contract Pricing Programming Example

In Microsoft Dynamics GP Inventory Control module you can handle pretty complex price lists with markup formulas, based on cost, price list, currency amount, and other features. In some cases you have customers on the contract during the year (example would be government customers), for whom you need in essence to maintain parallel item price list. Of course you can purchase existing add-ons, but in the case if your formula is very simple, you may consider just to create small custom module for your unique business requirements. Let’s rephrase again, that standard GP allows you to have one base price for item, but for simplicity – you need multiple base prices for the item, each for your customer class. We will show you how to program this custom routine in Great Plains Dexterity:

1.Item Customer Class Price table. This is new table, which got to be created in Microsoft Dexterity, where you will maintain custom item price per customer class. Let’s assume you have several government contractor customer classes, and for each class you need to maintain its own price list per item

2.Customer Class Price List update screen. Likely you have your own Excel files, where you maintain customer class specific price lists and you would like to load these price lists to Great Plains with maximal level of automation. Your Great Plains Dexterity programmer will need to add custom screen, having customer class field, file selection and update buttons. The logic, your developer needs to program will read the file, open Dexterity cursor to come through each record one by one and update item price list per class in the table, described in #1

3.Price logic in Sales Order Processing Transaction Entry screen. We recommend you to deploy Dexterity trigger and do not modify SOP Entry form directly – this is recommended for future GP version upgrade flexibility, plus SOP Entry window is typically modified in popular GP Add-Ons, so you don’t want to compete with them and avoid possible alternative business logic conflicts. Your Dex trigger will be attached to SOP Scroll Line logic and will read customer class and if the class requires alternative price list – it will supersede standard GP unit of measure price with alternative. Nice and elegant GP modification, as we think

Andrew Karasev, Alba Spectrum 1-866-528-0577, 1-630-961-5918, serving Great Plains USA and Canada nationwide. Local service in Chicago, Houston, Dallas, San Diego. Please visit our information portal Pegas Planet: . If you need custom programming for GP, we are happy to help you with Dexterity, eConnect, VBA/Modifier, SQL Stored Procedures, Crystal Reports. We also provide instant support to new and existing clients via web sessions for the customers in CA, IL, WI, NY, FL, IN, MI, TX, GA, NE, NM, AI, NC, SC, OR, WA, DC, DE, PA, VI, AZ, LA


How to Manually and Automaticly Uninstall OfficeScan 7.07.3 Server on Windows server 2003

Would you like to Uninstall OfficeScan 7.0/7.three Server out of your pc but you haven’t any clue how you can try this? Effectively, if this is the situation then you should not fear as well a lot due to the fact I will set you up which has a strategy that will help you to Uninstall OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server rapidly, safely and quickly..

So, do you think you’re wanting to uninstall OfficeScan seven.0/7.3 Server from your computer?

How to Uninstall OfficeScan seven.0/7.three Server

To be able to Uninstall OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server out of your laptop or computer you have to produce a alternative. You either do it manually, or else you use an uninstaller software program to try and do the work for you personally.

I hugely recommend you to use an uninstaller since once you are doing it manually, it can be substantial most likely that the uninstall will fail, that it is going to charge you tons and a great deal of time and that it might also be quite hazardous because you may need to enter your registry.

And if you are within your registry and you also delete a incorrect file, then you can seriously injury your computer. And this means that your computer may be messed up or damaged which costs you only more money and time.

For that reason I highly recommend you to make use of an uninstaller to Uninstall OfficeScan seven.0/7.three Server out of your laptop or computer. But, what uninstaller to use and how will it Uninstall programs?

What Uninstaller To use When you Desire to Uninstall OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server?

Nowadays there are lots of uninstallers accessible which might be all claiming to Uninstall and uninstall OfficeScan seven.0/7.three Server with ease. Nevertheless, nearly all of them are total crap. For that reason it can be very advised to work with an uninstaller that has a higher status.

It’s highly encouraged to work with an uninstaller called the OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server Uninstaller. With the OfficeScan seven.0/7.three Server Uninstaller you’ll be able to easily Uninstall and uninstall OfficeScan seven.0/7.3 Server from your laptop or computer. But, how does it work?

Nicely, the OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server Uninstaller does three things so that you can totally Uninstall a system.

one – It uninstalls the system that you want. 2 – It scans your drivers and your registry to find any left above files through the just uninstalled program. three – As soon as a file continues to be discovered, the OfficeScan seven.0/7.3 Server Uninstaller will delete it.For More datails on What is OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server and How to Uninstall OfficeScan 7.0/7.3 Server Error Easily? You can go and visit